Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)
French mathematician and physicist, was first educated by the Benedictines and later at a military school. He took part into the French Revolution, running the risk to be executed during the Terror, and was saved by the downfall of Robespierre. He then entered the École Normale Supérieure, where was taught, among others, by Joseph-Louis Lagrange e Pierre-Simon Laplace. In 1797 succeeded to the last one as professor in the École Polytechnique.
(from Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia).